History of Mahjong Video Games
Mahjong (also known as The Turtle, Shanghai Solitaire, Taipei, Kyodai and Moraff's) was first released as a computer game in 1981 on the PLATO system and named after the classic chinese 4-player game that uses same tiles - Mah-Jongg. However, the one that is usually seen as a video game, does not depict the actual Mahjong game, but rather Mahjong Solitaire.
In the game, 144 tiles are arranged in a special four-layer pattern with their faces upwards. Tiles can be removed if they're matched with a pair and their removal would not disturb any other pieces. The goal of the game is to match all of the pairs, thus, removing all the tiles.
The game can be played with genuine tiles and a wooden frame for set-up, but it is more commonly played in an electronic form. The advantages of the computer version are many. From removing the tedium of set-up and preventing cheating, to various extra options, such as changing tile sets and patterns, playing with different levels of difficulty or adding tiles that have special functions.
There are many computer versions of Mahjong Solitaire. Mahjong can have various sets of rules and setups. Available as a full-version game or a mini-game on different platforms, it is currently one of the most popular games of the solitaire genre. Both Solitaire and genuine Mahjong versions can be found as single or multiplayer games, usually available to play over the internet. It has many fans all over the world and keeps receiving modifications and reworks.
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